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The People Who Discovered Columbus: The Prehistory of the Bahamas (Florida Museum of Natural History: Ripley P. Bullen Series)

By William F. Keegan

 
For the Lucayan Arawaks of the Caribbean, the 12 months 1492 marked the start of the tip: the 1st humans contacted via Christopher Columbus have been the 1st extinguished. inside of thirty years, a inhabitants of might be 80,000 had declined to, at such a lot, a number of refugees. Clearing new flooring within the examine of prehistoric societies, Keegan argues varied point of view at the earlier offers a correct portrait of a tradition that turned extinct nearly 500 years ago.
 
Keegan phrases his method paleoethnography, constructing a portrait of the previous by means of linking archaeological box information and ancient records. the outcome, the 1st review of the prehistory of the Bahamas, explains how and why the Bahamas have been colonized by means of the Tainos nearly 1,400 years in the past. The portrait contains features of the islands themselves, descriptions of the way the Lucayans made their settlements, what they ate, how they prepared in social teams, and the way their inhabitants unfold in the course of the archipelago.
 
Keegan reconstructs Columbus’s voyage throughout the West Indies, elevating questions about the explorer’s motivations and providing a arguable conception approximately the place, precisely, Columbus landed. delivering new views on Caribbean prehistory to either students and normal readers, the booklet ends with the Spaniards’ arrival and the Lucayans’ demise.
 

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It is reasonable to apply the  Cook and Borah methodology to this question because the Lucayans also experienced sporadic contacts with Europeans between 1492 and 1500, most notably with  Amerigo Vespucci's and Vicente Yáñez Pinzón's expeditions of 1499 – 1500. There is every reason to expect that mortality levels paralleled those projected for  Hispaniola. To apply Cook and Borah's technique, the 40,000 persons in the 1509 census are used as the baseline. Cook and Borah have argued that such accountings do not  included young children and old people because they could not be used as laborers.

One hundred seventy five   nine. Las Islas de Lucayos, 1499–1520 Challengers of Columbus, 1499. The World Map of 1500. Early Sixteenth­ Century Spanish Shipwrecks. Slaving Expeditions and the Lucayan Genocide,  1509–1512. The Empty Islands: Juan Ponce de León, 1513. 206   10. After the End: Reflections on a Paleoethnography What is Real?. A Processual Methodology. Creating the Lucayans. 224   Bibliography 231 Index 271        Page ix Figures 2. 1. Bucket Model of a Bahamian Atoll 25 2. 2. Wind Roses for Nassau Airport, January–December 1964–1970 28 2.

It should be noted that pottery styles subsumed by the Saladoid series are often of restricted distribution. One possibility is that these restricted styles represent distinct  social groups who entered the West Indies independently (Chanlatte Baik and Narganes 1980; Chanlatte Baik 1991; Haviser 1991). Alternatively the styles may  represent localized ritual activities (Rouse 1986). Whatever the case, the underlying diversity within the Saladoid series requires additional attention (Roe 1989). Since we are unable to learn the names that these peoples had for themselves, the name assigned to their pottery series has been expanded to include the peoples who  manufactured and used the pottery.

To this point, changes in the supply­demand equilibrium have been expressed in terms of increasing output because  subsistence change is most often studied as progressive—the Western view of economies being focused on growth. However, the technique is also amenable to  situations of decreasing total output. Economists define aggregate demand as the sum of tastes, wants, or preferences. They view the reasons for particular preferences to be outside their sphere of  competence and focus their attention on examining the net effects of given preferences (Hirshleifer 1980).

Martin 1983, 1985; cf. Smith and Winterhalder 1985). Yet, such theories are  important because they provide specific measurements and predictions concerning behavior under specified conditions. By comparing actual or observed behavior  with that predicted by abstract theory we gain insight into the factors that influenced behavior. Furthermore, theories help to isolate the significant variables, especially  variables that are common to seemingly unrelated activities. For instance, the relationship between food getting, recreation, and ceremonies may appear impossible to  specify, yet all can be expressed in terms of time allocation.

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