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The Oracles of Zeus: Dodona, Olympia, Ammon

By Herbert W. Parke

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Whilst the session has been accomplished, having positioned the pills in a jar, they're to seal it with the seal of the generals and guardians of the legislation and in addition with the seal of the priest and are to permit it stay within the sanctuary. at the following day the secretary of the god is to convey ahead the jar and express the aforementioned seals and open it and provides again the little capsules to every calling them up in keeping with the list. ' At this aspect the inscription is tantalizingly damaged and after a lacuna of a few 24 letters -only the phrases 'the prophecies' might be learn.

2 As early because the mid-fifth century if now not prior he were supplied by means of legend with a father, Amythaon, the eponym of a district in Elis; and therefore was once associated with the heroic stem of the Aeolids and a locality within the western Peloponnese. three however it might be doubted no matter if initially he had any particular antecedents or neighborhood connections. the place he first looks by way of identify within the 15th booklet of the Odyssey he's the farthest ancestor of a line of prophets, and is given no prior family tree. First his identify itself is worthy remark.

Them with metal nor deal with the suppliants wrongfully: for supp1i~. nts are holy and sacred. ' 7 this can be written in a customary quatrain of hexameter verses and has the stylistic beneficial properties traditional within the responses attributed to the Pythia. Its wording isn't really specia)ly archaic and· definitely doesn't recommend the interval earlier than the Dorian invasion. Pausanias· is going directly to relate that the Athenians thus recalled this prophecy while the Peloponnesians had invaded Attica within the reign of Codrus. based on the well known tale, Codrus' voluntary loss of life had fulfilled one other oracle, one added through the Pythia, and this had guaranteed victory to the Athenians.

Sat. five, 18, 6, Sch. Hom. il. 21, 195 and Servius in Verg. Georg. 1, 8). additionally Sch. T. Hom. Il. 24, 616. fifty seven Hom. Il. 21, 193. Cf. Paus. eight, g8, 10. fifty eight Res. Th. 337· THE RESPONSES OF DODONA IN LITERATURE 163 Acusilaus, F. Gr. Hist. 2 f. 1 (Macrob. Sat. five, 18, g). Pl. Phdr. 230 b. Paus. 1, 34, three (Oropus), forty-one, 2 (Megara). SIG, 1024 (Myconos) BCH. 87 (1963), 607 (Erchia in Attica). sixty one Plu. Pyrrh. I. cr. Hsch. s. v. "A

Yet this piece of scholarly B 8 THE ORACLES OF ZEUS theorizing, besides the fact that creative, isn't sound as facts. The Homeric line approximately Ephyre and the river Selloeis used to be a infamous crux to historical commentators, and the putting of those positive aspects in Epirus used to be little higher than guesswork. additionally Apollodorus' argument turns out to suggest an interpretation of the Selloi that is most likely mistaken. in the event that they gave their identify to a river at a ways from Dodona at the different part of Mount Tomaros, they have been obviously to be considered a tribe inhabiting a substantial quarter of kingdom, and this turns out to were a moot aspect in antiquity.

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