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Nietzsche and Antiquity: His Reaction and Response to the Classical Tradition (Studies in German Literature Linguistics and Culture)

By Paul Bishop

This quantity collects a wide-ranging set of essays reading Friedrich Nietzsche's engagement with antiquity in all its facets. It investigates Nietzsche's response and reaction to the idea that of "classicism," with specific connection with his paintings on Greek tradition as a philologist in Basel and later as a thinker of modernity, and to his reception of German classicism in all his texts. The ebook can be of curiosity to scholars of old background and classics, philosophy, comparative literature, and Germanistik. Taken jointly, those papers recommend that classicism is either a extra major, and a extra contested, suggestion for Nietzsche than is usually discovered, and it demonstrates the necessity for a go back to a detailed cognizance to the intellectual-historical context by way of which Nietzsche observed himself working. An understanding of the wealthy number of educational backgrounds, methodologies, and strategies of interpreting evinced in those chapters might be the single manner for the modern pupil to return to grips with what classicism intended for Nietzsche, and for that reason what Nietzsche capability for us at the present time. The publication is split into 5 sections -- The Classical Greeks; Pre-Socratics and Pythagoreans, Cynics and Stoics; Nietzsche and the Platonic culture; Contestations; and German Classicism -- and constitutes the 1st significant examine of Nietzsche and the classical culture in 1 / 4 of a century. members: Jessica N. Berry, Benjamin Biebuyck, Danny Praet and Isabelle Vanden Poel, Paul Bishop, R. Bracht Branham, Thomas Brobjer, David Campbell, Alan Cardew, Roy Elveton, Christian Emden, Simon Gillham, John Hamilton, Mark Hammond, Albert Henrichs, Dirk t.D. Held, David F. Horkott, Dylan Jaggard, Fiona Jenkins, Anthony okay. Jensen, Laurence Lampert, Nicholas Martin, Thomas A. Meyer, Burkhard Meyer-Sickendiek, John S. Moore, Neville Morley, David N. McNeill, James I. Porter, Martin A. Ruehl, Herman Siemens, Barry Stocker, Friedrich Ulfers and Mark Daniel Cohen, and Peter Yates. Paul Bishop is William Jacks Chair of recent Languages on the college of Glasgow.

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Those tales are considerably diversified intimately, and Nietzsche sees nice price in features of every in their respective emphases. instantly striking is the adaptation in dramatic settings. within the Diogenes Laertius model, the Cynic notices how the mouse isn't petrified of the darkish. Dramatically conversing, we may well presume Diogenes is by myself with the mouse, at the hours of darkness, slightly shaken via the unknown, and searching out a few form of comfort. Seeing the mouse, his spirits elevate, he's reinvigorated, and he discovers within the mouse’s simplicity the skill to bravery amidst all of life’s unpredictabilities.

12 Porter, Nietzsche and the Philology of the longer term, 248. thirteen Marx, The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte, in Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, chosen Works in a single quantity (London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1968), ninety three. 14 Marx, Eighteenth Brumaire, ninety five. “UNHISTORICAL GREEKS” 15 ♦ 39 Marx, Eighteenth Brumaire, 93-94. Neville Morley, “Marx and the failure of antiquity,” in Morley (ed. ), Marx and Antiquity, 151-64. 17 See Henry Staten, Nietzsche’s Voice (Ithaca and London: Cornell UP, 1990), 7785. 18 See Martin Bernal, Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilisation, vol.

The meticulous investigations of such students as Mazzino Montinari have proven that, regardless of the invention within the files of Heinrich Köselitz in 1969, not less than pages of the textual content were destroyed by way of Nietzsche’s mom or his sister Elisabeth. 1 From her Nietzschehagiography, however—in such a lot situations, a doubtful source—we may well infer that Nietzsche additionally explicitly pointed out himself with the torn god. within the final yet one bankruptcy of her Der einsame Nietzsche, entitled “The Illness,” she discredited the full Ecce Homo as a symptom of Nietzsche’s “pathological delirium,” thereby legitimizing her choice to annihilate “these curious phantasms,” to not guard herself and her mom opposed to the cruel feedback her brother had expressed, yet to spare either his moral and aesthetic sensibilities, in case he was once later faced with those pages.

Greater than as soon as, he waxes eloquent over Thales’ critical doctrine, which he costs within the unattested shape “All is water” (Alles ist Wasser) and takes to intend “All is One” forty eight (Alles ist Eins). He cites one other dictum ascribed to Thales, one that is conceptually related and both apodictic: “Everything is filled with forty nine gods. ” Oddly, he doesn't to touch upon it, possibly simply because he thought of its announcement of pantheism too elusive. certainly, students proceed to discuss its that means. but Nietzsche’s silence is a part of a bigger trend.

Nietzsche knew the right way to occupy this comparable breach in his personal inimitable methods, no longer least of all by means of embracing and if desire be embodying the a number of dilemmas of the Western classical mind's eye, as, for instance, within the specific makes use of he made up of Homer, who used to be in any occasion a hugely not easy type for Nietzsche, as we've seen. In performing as he did, Nietzsche used to be now not getting down to revalue the values of 24 ♦ JAMES I. PORTER the classical culture. He used to be only content material to allow them to run their direction, and during this means betray themselves.

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