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Category: Religion

Religion in Human Evolution: From the Paleolithic to the Axial Age

Religion in Human Evolution is a piece of remarkable ambition―a wide-ranging, nuanced probing of our organic previous to find the types of lives that people have pretty much imagined have been worthy dwelling. It bargains what's often visible as a forbidden concept of the foundation of faith that is going deep into evolution, in particular yet now not completely cultural evolution.

How did our early ancestors go beyond the quotidian calls for of daily lifestyles to embody an alternate truth that referred to as into query the very which means in their day-by-day fight? Robert Bellah, one of many top sociologists of our time, identifies a number cultural capacities, similar to communal dancing, storytelling, and theorizing, whose emergence made this spiritual improvement attainable. Deploying the most recent findings in biology, cognitive technological know-how, and evolutionary psychology, he lines the growth of those cultural capacities from the Paleolithic to the Axial Age (roughly, the 1st millennium BCE), whilst contributors and teams within the outdated global challenged the norms and ideology of sophistication societies governed by way of kings and aristocracies. those non secular prophets and renouncers by no means succeeded in founding their replacement utopias, yet they left a historical past of feedback that might no longer be quenched.

Bellah’s remedy of the 4 nice civilizations of the Axial Age―in historical Israel, Greece, China, and India―shows all latest religions, either prophetic and mystic, to be rooted within the evolutionary tale he tells. Religion in Human Evolution solutions the decision for a severe heritage of faith grounded within the complete diversity of human constraints and possibilities.

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The Prayers and Tears of Jacques Derrida: Religion without Religion (Indiana Series in the Philosophy of Religion)

By John D. Caputo

"Caputo’s publication is riveting.... a novel success of stylistic brio and impeccable scholarship, it breaks new flooring in creating a robust case for treating Derrida as homo religiosis.... There should be no mistaking the significance of Caputo's work." ―Edith Wyschogrod

"No one attracted to Derrida, in Caputo, or within the greater query of postmodernism and faith can manage to pay for to disregard this pathbreaking learn. Taking complete benefit of the latest and least mentioned writings of Derrida, it deals a cautious and entire account of the non secular size of Derrida’s thought." ―Merold Westphal

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Ethical Issues in Six Religious Traditions

How do Hindus view euthanasia? Is there a 'Sikh view' of ads? Do Jews and Muslims proportion a similar angle to marriage? How do Christian and Buddhist perspectives at the atmosphere differ?This publication attracts jointly authors revered in six traditions to discover in parallel the moral foundations for Hindu, Buddhist, Sikh, Jewish, Christian and Muslim faiths. every one part introduces a distinct faith and asks particular, topical questions, set in a much wider context. the problems addressed are non secular identification and authority; the private and the non-public; marriage and relations; impacts on and use of time, funds and different own assets; the standard and cost of existence; questions of correct and mistaken; equality and distinction; clash and violence and worldwide issues.The participants to this improved variation are Peggy Morgan, Clive Lawton, Werner Menski, Eleanor Nesbitt, Alan Brown and Azim Nanji.Additions for this re-creation contain subsections on copy, vegetarianism, simply conflict and terrorism, and

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The Unwanted Sound of Everything We Want: A Book About Noise

By Garret Keizer

Noise is generally outlined as undesirable sound: loud track from a neighbor, the honk of a taxicab, the roar of a supersonic jet. yet as Garret Keizer illustrates during this probing exam, noise is as a lot approximately what we'd like as approximately what we search to prevent. In a trip that leads us from the primeval Tanzanian veldt to wind farms in Maine, Keizer invitations us to hear noise in background, in pop culture, and never least of all in our personal backyards. He follows noise all through background and around the globe. He considers what it has to inform us approximately today’s so much urgent matters, from social inequality to weather switch. the result's sure to swap how we pay attention the realm, and the way we degree our personal own quantity inside of it.

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The Last Witch of Langenburg: Murder in a German Village

A younger mom dies in ache. used to be it a typical dying, murder—or witchcraft?

at the evening of the festive vacation of Shrove Tuesday in 1672 Anna Fessler died after consuming one in every of her neighbor's buttery tarts. might it were poisoned? Drawing on shiny courtroom records, eyewitness debts, and an early post-mortem document, historian Thomas Robisheaux brings the tale to lifestyles. Exploring certainly one of Europe's final witch panics, he unravels why acquaintances and the court docket magistrates turned confident that Fessler's neighbor Anna Schmieg was once a witch—one of a number of within the area—ensnared via the satan. as soon as arrested, Schmieg, the spouse of the neighborhood miller, and her daughter have been stuck up in a high-stakes drama that resulted in fees of sorcery and witchcraft opposed to the total kinfolk. Robisheaux exhibits how traditional occasions grew to become diabolical ones, major magistrates to torture and switch a daughter opposed to her mom. In so doing he portrays a complete global stuck among superstition and modernity.

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Islam and Political Violence: Muslim Diaspora and Radicalism in the West

By Shahram Akbarzadeh

How can we interact with the urgent demanding situations of xenophobia, radicalism and protection within the present political weather? the commonly felt feel of lack of confidence within the West is shared by way of Muslims either inside and outdoors Western societies. growing to be Islamic militancy and the following elevated security features by way of Western powers have contributed to a pervasive experience between Muslims of being lower than assault either bodily and culturally. Islam and Political Violence brings jointly present debates at the uneasy and very likely collectively harmful courting among the Muslim international and the West and argues that we're on a deadly trajectory, strengthening dichotomous notions of the divide among the West and the Muslim world.

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Atheism: The Case Against God (The Skeptic's Bookshelf)

By George H. Smith

During this vintage treatise on atheism, George H. Smith units out to demolish what he considers the main common and harmful of all of the myths devised through humans - the idea that of a ideally suited being. With painstaking scholarship and rigorous arguments, Mr. Smith examines, dissects, and refutes the myriad "proofs" provided via theists - subtle, specialist theologians - in addition to the common non secular layperson. He explores the ancient and mental havoc wrought by means of faith normally and concludes that non secular trust can't have anywhere within the lifetime of sleek, rational man.

"It isn't my function to transform humans to atheism . . . (but to) reveal that the assumption in God is irrational to the purpose of absurdity. If someone needs to proceed believing in a god, that's his prerogative, yet he can now not excuse his trust within the identify of cause and ethical necessity."

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The Gospel of Thomas: The Gnostic Wisdom of Jesus

A brand new translation and research of the gospel that documents the particular phrases of Jesus

• Explores the gnostic importance of Jesus's teachings recorded during this gospel

• Explains the genuine nature of the hot guy whose coming Jesus predicted

• Translated and interpreted by means of the writer of the bestselling The Gospel of Mary Magdalene and The Gospel of Philip

One of the cache of codices and manuscripts found in Nag Hammadi, the Gospel of Thomas, in contrast to the canonical gospels, doesn't comprise a story recording Christ's lifestyles and prophecies. as a substitute it's a selection of his teachings--what he truly stated. those 114 logia, or sayings, have been amassed through Judas Didymus Thomas, whom a few declare to be Jesus's closest disciple. No quicker used to be this gospel exposed from the sands of higher Egypt than students and theologians started to bury it anew in a bunch of conflicting interpretations and polemics. whereas a few say it's a hodgepodge from the canonical gospels, for others it's the resource textual content from which all of the gospel writers drew their fabric and idea.

In this new translation of the Gospel of Thomas, Jean-Yves Leloup exhibits that the Jesus recorded by means of the "infinitely skeptical and infinitely believing" Thomas has a lot in universal with gnostics of non-dualistic colleges. Like them, Jesus preaches the arriving of a brand new guy, the genesis of the fellow of information. during this gospel, Jesus describes a trip from restricted to limitless realization. The Jesus of Thomas invitations us to drink deeply from the good of information that lies inside of, now not in order that we may possibly turn into reliable Christians yet so we may well reach the self-knowledge that might make every one people, too, a Christ.

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Jesus of Nazareth

By Paul Verhoeven

Development at the paintings of the nice Biblical students of the 20 th century—Rudolf Bultman, Raymond Brown, Jane Schabert and Robert Funk, founding father of the Jesus Seminars, between others—filmmaker Paul Verhoeven disrobes the legendary Jesus to bare a guy who's, in spite of everything, startlingly popular to us, a guy who has a lot in universal with different nice political leaders all through background, humans who believed that adjust was once coming of their lifetimes.
Gone is the Jesus of the miracles, long gone the son of God, long past the weaver of arcane parables whose meanings are vague. of their position Verhoeven supplies us his imaginative and prescient of Jesus as a whole guy, an individual who was once replaced by means of occasions, the chief of a political flow, and, probably most significantly, somebody who, in his speeches and sayings, brought a brand new ethics during which enlightened habit and the embody of human contradictions go beyond the mechanics of price and price that had outlined the cloth international ahead of Jesus.
Coming to a deeper realizing of the historic Jesus has been a lifelong ardour for Verhoeven, who for the final quarter-century has been one of the only a few nonacademics engaging within the Jesus Seminars. Verhoeven assumed that someday he may make a movie of the lifetime of Jesus. Then he discovered that it has to be a publication. Steeped in Biblical scholarship yet freed from the institutional biases, even if educational or spiritual, that so usually dictate the phrases of debate of the old Jesus, Jesus of Nazareth is a booklet that builds a bridge attaining the entire as far back as Jesus's lifetime, the entire method ahead to the current, and from biblical students to put readers whose curiosity could be own or political.

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À La Croisée Des Trois Monothéismes: Une Communauté De Pensée Au Moyen Age

By Roger Arnaldez

L' Histoire entre les deux rives de los angeles Méditerranée ne témoigne pas seulement d'affrontements mais aussi de rencontres fructueuses. A l. a. suite de "Trois messagers pour un seul Dieu" et de ses travaux sur l. a. théologie musulmane, Roger Arnaldez, professeur émérite d'islamologie à los angeles Sorbonne, rappelle l'existence d'une communauté de pensée entre juifs, chrétiens et musulmans au Moyen Age, portant à un haut degré de qualité les échanges intellectuels dans ces lieux de civilisation prestigieux que furent Bagdad et Cordoue. Au cours de ces débats sur Dieu, le monde et l'âme, dont les échos se prolongent jusqu'à l'époque moderne, se forme l'identité de l'homme occidental marqué par l'unicité divine, le sens de los angeles création et de l'individu. En livrant ici une synthèse d'histoire de l. a. philosophie et de los angeles théologie médiévales, Roger Arnaldez plaide pour une "compréhension véritable et en profondeur "entre les trois traditions matters du creuset biblique et pour los angeles sauvegarde d'un humanisme, précieux héritage de l'Occident.

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