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Category: Linguistics

You Are What You Speak: Grammar Grouches, Language Laws, and the Politics of Identity

By Robert Lane Greene

"An insightful, obtainable exam of ways within which daily speech is tangled in a sophisticated internet of background, politics, race, economics and power." - Kirkus

What is it approximately different people’s language that strikes a few of us to nervousness or maybe rage? for hundreds of years, sticklers across the world have donned the cloak of authority to manage the best way humans use phrases. Now this sensational new ebook moves again to guard the attention-grabbing, real-life variety of this most simple human faculty.

With the erudite but obtainable sort that marks his paintings as a journalist, Robert Lane Greene takes readers on a rollicking journey worldwide, illustrating with bright anecdotes the function language ideals play in shaping our identities, for solid and unwell. starting with literal myths, from the Tower of Babel to the bloody origins of the be aware “shibboleth,” Greene indicates how language “experts” went from myth-making to rule-making and from development cohesive groups to construction smooth countries. From the concept of 1 language’s superiority to the typical conception that words like “It’s me” are “bad English,” linguistic ideals too usually outline “us” and distance “them,” assisting category, ethnic, or nationwide prejudices. in brief: What we listen approximately language is usually relatively in regards to the politics of identity.

Governments foolishly attempt to police language improvement (the French Academy), nationalism ends up in the violent suppression of minority languages (Kurdish and Basque), or even americans worry that the main winning language in international heritage (English) will be threatened by way of elevated immigration. those fake language ideals are usually tied to damaging political ends and will result in the violation of easy human rights. Conversely, political involvement in language can occasionally end up priceless, as with the Zionist  revival of Hebrew or our present-day efforts to supply schooling in international languages necessary to company, international relations, and intelligence. And certain, standardized languages play a very important position in uniting glossy societies.

As this interesting e-book exhibits, every little thing we’ve been taught to contemplate language will not be wrong—but it is usually approximately whatever greater than language by myself. You Are What You converse will definitely get humans conversing.

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Metonymy: Hidden Shortcuts in Language, Thought and Communication (Cambridge Studies in Cognitive Linguistics)

By Jeannette Littlemore

'Metonymy' is a kind of figurative language utilized in daily dialog, a kind of shorthand that permits us to exploit our shared wisdom to speak with fewer phrases than we might in a different way want. 'I'll pencil you in' and 'let me offer you a hand' are either examples of metonymic language. Metonymy serves quite a lot of communicative services corresponding to textual solidarity, humour, irony, euphemism and hyperbole - all of which play a key position within the improvement of language and discourse groups. utilizing real info all through, this booklet indicates how metonymy operates, not only in language, but additionally in gesture, signal language, paintings, song, movie and ads. It explores the function of metonymy in cross-cultural conversation, besides the demanding situations it offers to language newcomers and translators. excellent for researchers and scholars in linguistics and literature, in addition to lecturers and common readers attracted to the artwork of communique.

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Arabic Verbs & Essentials of Grammar, 2E (Verbs and Essentials of Grammar Series)

By Jane Wightwick

Your one-stop consultant to getting to know the fundamentals of Arabic

Can one ebook have all you want to speak optimistically in a brand new language? sure, and that e-book is Arabic Verbs & necessities of Grammar. It bargains an outstanding beginning of significant verbal and grammatical thoughts of the language, from pronouns to idioms and expressions and from abnormal verbs to expressions of time.

Each unit is dedicated to 1 subject, so that you can locate what you wish at once and get concentrated guideline instantly. Concise but thorough, the reasons are supported through a variety of examples that will help you grasp different techniques. And for these tough verbs, Arabic Verbs & necessities of Grammar incorporates a Verb Index of the commonest verbs, cross-referenced with the plentiful verb tables showing in the course of the book.

This ebook will supply you:

  • An first-class creation to the fundamentals of Arabic when you are a newbie or a short, thorough reference in case you have already got event within the language
  • Contemporary utilization of verbs, adjectives, pronouns, prepositions, conjunctions, and different grammar necessities
  • Examples that replicate modern utilization and real-life situations

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The Naughty Little Book of Gaelic

Scottish Highlanders, and their descendants around the globe, are not any larger and no worse than the other humans the place "sinful" behaviour is worried. criteria of morality and social conventions replaced dramatically through the nineteenth century - and most people engaged in recording and commenting upon Highland lifestyles and culture have been puritanical ministers and monks who skipped over the racy bits. So, whereas there are various important books that offer quite a lot of Scottish Gaelic vocabulary to specific many points of everyday life - other than, for the main half, the subjects lined during this ebook.

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Chomsky For Beginners

By David Cogswell

Noam Chomsky has written a few 30 books, he's one of many most-quoted authors in the world, The New York occasions calls him "arguably crucial highbrow alive" - but most folk don't know who he's or what he is about.

Chomsky For Beginners tells you what he is approximately: Chomsky is understood for his paintings in particular components - Linguistics and... "Gadflying." ("Gadfly," the observe utilized to Socrates, comes closest to the consistent social irritant that Chomsky has become.) it truly is Chomsky's paintings as Political Gadfly and Media Critic that has given ardour and wish to most of the people - and alienated the foremost Media - that's, in fact, why you do not know extra approximately him.

Chomsky's message is especially basic: large enterprises run our kingdom, the realm, either political events, and significant Media. (You suspected it; Chomsky proves it.) If sufficient humans open their minds to what he has to assert, the full gingerbread myth we now have been fed approximately the United States may develop into a true democracy.

What's so specified approximately Chomsky For Beginners? The few latest intros to Chomsky conceal both Chomsky-the-Linguist or Chomsky-the-Political-Gadfly. Chomsky For Beginners covers either - plus an unique interview with the maverick genius. The readability of David Cogwell's textual content and the wit of Paul Gordon's illustrations make Chomsky as effortless to appreciate because the genius round the corner. phrases and artwork are mixed to explain (but now not oversimplify) the paintings and to "humanize" the fellow who could possibly be what one savvy interviewer known as him - "the smartest guy on Earth."

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How to Do Things with Words: The William James Lectures Delivered in Harvard University in 1955 (Oxford Paperbacks)

By J. L. Austin

This paintings units out Austin's conclusions within the box to which he directed his major efforts for no less than the final ten years of his existence. ranging from an exhaustive exam of his already recognized contrast among performative utterances and statements, Austin right here eventually abandons that contrast, exchanging it with a extra common conception of 'illocutionary forces' of utterances which has very important bearings on a large choice of philosophical difficulties.

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The Snark Handbook: Clichés Edition: Overused Buzzwords, Hackneyed Phrases, and Other Misuses of the English Language

By Lawrence Dorfman

“Last, yet now not least, steer clear of clichés just like the plague.”—William Safire

CLICHÉ: noun
Etymology: French, actually, printer's stereotype, from prior participle of clichér, to stereotype, of imitative origin
Date: 1892
1 : a trite word or expression; additionally : the assumption expressed through it
2 : a hackneyed subject, characterization, or situation
3 : whatever that has turn into overly general or commonplace

 In the phrases of Stephen Fry, “It is a cliché that the majority clichés are precise, yet then like such a lot clichés, that cliché is untrue.” Clichés are like rationalizations: test going per week with no utilizing one. It cannot be performed! they're the hobgoblin of little minds. for many people, when you start to take realize, they're fingernails on a chalkboard.

From Shakespeare to Shakira; in track, on tv, on the videos; within the boardroom, on a convention name, on-line or in individual, clichés have taken over the realm. whereas a few nitwits may perhaps say they're simply misunderstood, they did not start off that manner. there has been a time after they have been new and colourful, shrewdpermanent and pithy. Now they are simply predictable—a vapid selection of much-too-familiar descriptions or metaphors that frequently substitute shrewdpermanent dialog, speech, or writing.

This publication is a suite of the main overused words of all time. with a bit of luck, it will make you snort. expectantly, it will make them imagine. And on the finish of the day, if the early chook catches the computer virus and the gradual and regular win the race . . .

 Please . . . kill . . . me . . . now.

20 black-and-white illustrations

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Serendipities: Language and Lunacy

By Umberto Eco

Serendipities is a cautious unraveling of the incredible and the fake, a super exposition of the way unanticipated truths frequently spring from fake principles. From Leibniz's trust that the I Ching illustrated the foundations of calculus to Marco Polo's mistaking a rhinoceros for a unicorn, Umberto Eco bargains a blinding travel of highbrow historical past, illuminating the ways that we venture the common onto the unusual to make feel of the area. Uncovering layers of errors that experience formed human background, Eco deals with wit and readability such situations as Columbus's voyage to the recent international, the fictions that grew round the Rosicrucians and Knights Templar, and the linguistic endeavors to recreate the language of Babel, to teach how serendipities can evolve out of error. With erudition, anecdotes, and scholarly rigor, this new number of essays is bound to entertain and enlighten any reader with a keenness for the curious heritage of languages and ideas.

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Not Like a Native Speaker: On Languaging as a Postcolonial Experience

By Rey Chow

Although the period of eu colonialism has lengthy handed, misgivings in regards to the inequality of the encounters among ecu and non-European languages persist in lots of elements of the postcolonial global. This unfinished scenario, this lingering old event of being stuck between unequal languages, is the topic of Rey Chow's publication. a various workforce of personae, by no means earlier than assembled in an analogous demeanour, make their appearances within the a variety of chapters: the younger mulatto occurring upon a photo approximately pores and skin colour in a well-liked journal; the fellow from Martinique listening to himself named "Negro" in public in France; name heart brokers in India knowledgeable to Americanize their accents whereas talking with consumers; the Algerian Jewish thinker reflecting on his relation to the French language; African intellectuals debating the professionals and cons of utilizing English for reasons of inventive writing; the translator appearing through turns as a traitor and as a mourner during cross-cultural trade; Cantonese-speaking writers of chinese language considering the politics of nutrition intake; radio drama staff straddling the sorts of conventional storytelling and mediatized sound broadcast.

In those riveting scenes of conversing and writing imbricated with race, pigmentation, and sophistication demarcations, Chow indicates, postcolonial languaging turns into, de facto, an order of biopolitics. The local speaker, the fulcrum determine usually accorded a transcendent prestige, is realigned the following because the repository of illusory linguistic origins and unities. through placing British and post-British Hong Kong (the urban the place she grew up) into the languaging controversies that have a tendency to be pursued in Francophone (and sometimes Anglophone) deliberations, and through sketching the fraught events confronted through these dealing with the specifics of utilizing chinese language whereas negotiating with English, Chow not just redefines the geopolitical limitations of postcolonial inquiry but in addition demonstrates how such inquiry needs to articulate ancient event to the conduct, practices, impacts, and imaginaries established in sounds and scripts.

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