Aristarchus of Samos, the traditional Copernicus ; a historical past of Greek astronomy to Aristarchus, including Aristarchus's Treatise at the sizes and distances of the sunlight and moon : a brand new Greek textual content with translation and notes
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P. are the north and south poles, the equator is the circle approximately AA' as diameter and perpendicular to the aircraft of the paper. Neuhäuser then supposes the airplane of the sun’s circle or hoop to be differently-inclined to the circle of the equator at varied occasions of the yr, making with it on the summer time solstice and on the iciness solstice angles equivalent to the obliquity of the ecliptic within the demeanour proven within the determine, the place the circle on AA' as diameter within the aircraft of the paper is the meridian circle and SS' is the diameter of the sun’s ring on the summer time solstice, BB' the diameter of the sun’s ring on the iciness solstice.
Pr. ii. 37. 118 (Vors. i2, p. forty-one. 42). 19 Fr. 26 (Vors. i2, p. 50. 22). 20 Hippol. Refut. i. 14. 2 (D. G. p. 565; Vors. i2, p. forty-one. 26). 21 Diog. L. ix. 19 (Vors. i2, p. 34. 18). 22 Fr. 29. 33 (Vors. i2, p. fifty one. five, 20). 23 I learn, with Burnet, after Gomperz rather than (seaweed) . 24 Hippol. Refut i. 14. 5–6 (D. G. p. 566; Vors. i2, p. forty-one. 33–41). 25 Fr. 28(Vors. i2, p. fifty one. 2). 26 Aristotle, De caelo ii. thirteen, 294 a 21–28. 27 Aèt. iii. nine. four; eleven. 1,2 (D. G. pp. 376, 377; Vors. i2, p. forty three, 33, 35). 28 Hippol. Refut. i. 14. three (D. G. p. 565; Vors. i2, p. forty-one. 29). 29 Simplicius on De caelo, p.
18 This rotatory move begun at one element after which steadily unfold, taking in wider and wider circles. the 1st impact used to be to split nice plenty, one along with the infrequent, sizzling, gentle, dry, known as the ‘aether’, and the opposite of the other different types and known as ‘air’ The aether or fireplace took the outer place, the air the internal. 19 the next move is the successive separation, out of the air, of clouds, water, earth, and stones. 20 The dense, the wet, the darkish and chilly, and the entire heaviest issues acquire within the centre because the results of the round movement; and it really is from those parts whilst consolidated that the earth is shaped.
Ix. 21 (Vors. i2, p. one zero five. 32). 17 Diog. L. viii. forty eight (Vors. i2, p. 111. 38). Aèt. iii. 15. 7 (D. G. p. 380; Vors. i2, p. III. 40); cf. Aristotle, De caelo, ii. thirteen, 295 b 10, and the same perspectives in Plato, Phaedo 108 E–109 A. 18 19 Aët. iii. eleven. four (D. G. p. 377). 20 Aët. ii. 12. 1 (D. G. p. 340). Hultsch, artwork. ‘Astronomie’ in Pauly-Wissowa’s Real-Encyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft, ii. 2, 1896, p. 1834. 21 22 Alexander Polyhistor in Diog. L. viii. 1. 26. Aët. iii. thirteen. 1 (D. G. 6. p. 378), ‘Pythagoras stated that the earth was once divided, correspondingly to the field of the universe, into 5 zones, the arctic, antarctic, summer time and iciness zones, and the equatorial area; the center of those defines the center section of the earth, and is because of this referred to as the torrid sector; then comes the liveable region that is temperate.
Forty two Aristotle, De sensu 6, 446 a 25–b 2. forty three Aristotle, De anima ii. 7. 418 b 2i. forty four Aristotle, De sensu 6, 447 a 1–3. forty five Aristotle, De anima ii. 7, 418 b 24. 178 XII THE PYTHAGOREANS IN a former bankruptcy we attempted to distinguish from the astronomical method of ‘the Pythagoreans’ the perspectives recommend through the grasp himself, and we observed explanation for believing that he used to be the 1st to offer round form to the earth and the heavenly our bodies typically, and to assign to the planets a revolution in their personal in a feeling contrary to that of the day-by-day rotation of the field of the mounted stars in regards to the earth as centre.